basic voltage categories: (1) voltage measurements
below 300 volts, and (2) voltage measurements above
VOLTAGES BELOW 300 VOLTS
Most of the voltage measurements that you will
make will be below 300 volts. Almost all the newer
electronic systems operate at less than 28 volts, except
for the main input ac power. Table 3-2 lists the safety
procedures for measuring voltages below 300 volts.
In addition to the procedures in table 3-2, you must
obey the four safety precautions in table 3-4 when you
take measurements on energized equipment.
The following excerpt from a mishap report shows
the importance of following these precautions:
A technician could not get the alligator
clip on the test lead to stay on the probe, so he
held the clip to the probe with his right hand.
He violated safety precautions by continuing
to hold the clip and the probe while he was
energizing the test lead with 1,200 volts. Soon
ALWAYS notify and obtain permission from your commanding officer (afloat) or your supervisor
(ashore) to work on energized equipment. (Some commands require you to complete a checklist before
ALWAYS study the schematic and wiring diagrams of the equipment on which you will be working.
Note the location of the test points and the location of any other high-voltage points that you should be
careful not to touch.
ALWAYS remove all metal items, such as, watches, belt buckles, rings (even wedding bands), and
other items that have exposed metal. If you are wearing a security badge, put it in your pocket.
ALWAYS ensure that you are wearing electrical safety shoes, if they were issued, and that you are
standing on insulating rubber matting. If you must insert your hand into the enclosure of the energized
equipment, wear electrical safety rubber gloves rated for the appropriate voltage. See table 3-3.
NEVER work alone. Have a co-worker stand by. Make sure that your co-worker knows where to secure
the power in case of emergency.
Table 3-2.Procedures to Follow When Measuring Voltages Below 300 Volts
Maximum Safe Voltage
Table 3-3.Rubber Glove Ratings
ALWAYS use test probes with safety guards or barriers on the probe tips to prevent your hand from
inadvertently touching the probe tip.
ALWAYS use insulated alligator clips.
ALWAYS keep your body clear of any metal parts of the equipment on which you are working.
ALWAYS try to keep one hand in your pocket or behind your back when you are taking a measurement
to avoid creating a ground path for electric current flow through your body from hand to hand.
Table 3-4.Safety Precautions For Measuring Voltages Below 300 Volts