A ship requires a large amount of pure fresh
water daily for use as boiler feedwater, for
corrosion control (freshwater wash down), and
for the crews consumption. However, a ship can
only store enough water to last a few days.
Therefore, proper and careful watches must be
maintained on the evaporators whenever they are
in operation. An evaporator watch has to
constantly check on pressures, temperatures,
vacuum, and salt content of the distilled water.
A ship cannot operate if the distilled water for
feedwater contains more than the maximum
allowable amount of salt.
WATCH, QUARTER, AND
Each division officer prepares a watch,
quarter, and station bill for his or her division.
You will generally find the following information
on this bill:
Organization of the division (sections and
A listing of each person as to billet
number, locker number, bunk number,
compartment number, name, rating, and
rate (actual and allowance).
Watch assignments for each person under
various conditions of battle readiness.
The station and job each person will have
in emergency situations, such as fire,
rescue and assistance, and general emer-
. The special duties and stations each
person will have. The special duties may
include visit and search party, landing
force, special sea detail, and other special
The watch, quarter, and station bill tells you
where you fit into the ships organizational
picture. Check it frequently; it is your duty to
know where you belong under all conditions.
THERE IS NO EXCUSE FOR NOT KNOWING.
The bills may be designed differently for different
ships, but the stations and duties are always about
the same. The bill assignments are for actual
emergencies and drills. Billets are assigned
according to the skills and the qualifications of
the personnel in the division. Refer to Basic
Military Requirements, NAVEDTRA 10054-F,
for more information about the watch, quarter,
and station bill.
This chapter has covered information on
standard ship and engineering organization
and engineering administration, ratings, and
programs, such as safety, PMS, tag-out, and
EOSS. You have learned about the various
watches of the engineering department. Do not
become overwhelmed by the many things you
must learn to be an effective watch stander. Keep
your ears and eyes open, and above all, ASK
QUESTIONS. If you desire to advance in the
Navy, you should study the publications mentioned
in the Advancement Handbook for Apprentice-
ships, NAVEDTRA 71700, and the Advancement
Handbook for Petty Officers (the NAVEDTRA
number is rate specific; ask your division training
officer for assistance).