Throughout the remainder of this chapter, keep the
following factors in mind:
Your knowledge of safety principles should be
sound and based on thorough training.
Your application of safety principles should be
under close and constant, qualified supervision.
Anyone who supervises the inspection, care,
preparation, handling, use, or routine disposal
(excluding EOD operations) of ammunition or
explosives must satisfy the following requirements:
1. Be qualified and certified as required by
OPNAVINST 8023.2, U.S. Navy Explosives
Safety Policies, Requirements, and Procedures
(Department of the Navy Explosives Safety
Policy Manual) and supplemental regulations.
2. Remain vigilant throughout the operation, and
ensure that all regulations and instructions are
3. Carefully instruct and frequently warn those
under them of the need for care and constant
4. Before beginning an operation, ensure that all
subordinates are familiar with:
a. the characteristics of the explosive materials
b. the equipment used, safety regulations to be
c. the hazards of fire, explosion, and other
catastrophes that the safety regulations are
intended to prevent.
5. Be alert to detect any hazardous procedures or
practices, or symptoms of a deteriorating mental
attitude of certified personnel, and take
immediate corrective action when necessary.
6. Limit the number of personnel working with
explosives or ammunition to the minimum
required to perform the operation properly.
Unauthorized personnel must not be permitted
in magazines or in the immediate vicinity of
handling or loading operations involving
explosives or ammunition. Authorized visitors
must be properly escorted.
7. Be alert for any hazardous procedures or
practices arising from carelessness or attempts
to expedite ammunition or explosives handling
8. Consult pertinent ordnance publications (OPs)
to ensure that all personnel comply with specific
safety precautions concerning the handling,
stowage, and transportation of the ammunition
9. Report accidents. When a supervisor is aware of
an accident in his or her area of responsibility, he
or she must immediately stop the ammunition
operations. In addition to performing required
on-scene duties, the supervisor must determine
the circumstances and personnel involved in the
accident in order to prepare an accident report.
Safety precautions state clearly, concisely, and in
the simplest language what may or may not be done.
They should be easy to understand and not subject to
misinterpretation. They should be explicit and allow
no recourse, but should be general enough that they can
be applied to similar situations that may arise in the
Safety precautions are a serious matter. They are
designed to protect the well being of everyone on board
and, in some cases, the ship itself. Safety precautions
that use terms such as shall, will, and must, have
the force of an order and must be obeyed. Safety
precautions using the terms should or may are to
be followed as a matter of policy. Deviation from
safety precautions is permitted only where it is fully
justified by the urgency of the situation.
Certain safety precautions are presented as visual
signs or written captions embedded in the text of
technical manuals to notify you of a possible danger to
personnel or damage to equipment. In such cases, each
precaution is mentioned as a WARNING or CAUTION
immediately before the procedural directions to which
WARNINGS. Hazards that can cause personnel
injury are indicated in notes headed by the word
These warnings generally fall into
Warning against poisonous fumes or harmful
Warning against explosive or flammable