The central processor of the Combat Direction
System is the CDS computer. Keeping a data base of
tracks is among the many functions of the operational
program. The information about these tracks can be
transmitted to other units over the Link-11 net. The
computer sends data to the data terminal set using 24-
bit data words.
The computer also receives
information about remote tracks from other units in
the net and displays these tracks through the display
Shipboard Gridlock System
Gridlock is the matching of track positions held
by other ships with the tracks held by your own ship.
Gridlock is a procedure for determining data
registration correction by comparing remote tracks
received from a designated reference unit to local
data. Ideally, tracks received from remote units that
are also displayed by onboard sensors should be
transparent, that is, in the exact same position on the
CRT. If the gridlock system does not provide
correlation between local and remote tracks, the
remote tracks may be painted twice and overlap each
other, as shown in figure 2-3.
Figure 2-3.Tracks out of gridlock.
Failure to maintain gridlock maybe the result of
inaccurate positioning data from a ship's sensor, from
the Ship's Inertial Navigation Systems (SINS), or
from the ships gyro. Failure to maintain gridlock
may also be the result of an inaccurate operator entry.
The SGS computer performs continuous
automatic gridlock calculations. In the event of an
SGS computer failure, the flow of Link-11 data to the
CDS computer is interrupted. To restore Link-11 data
flow, all SGS installations have switches installed that
allow the technician to bypass the SGS computer until
the fault is corrected.
Link-11 Security Device
A standard model security device, such as the
TSEC/KG-40, commonly referred to as the KG-40, is
used with the Link-11 system. When the DTS is
transmitting data, the KG-40 receives parallel data
from the CDS computer, encrypts the data, and sends
it to the DTS. When the participating unit (PU) is
receiving data, the TSEC/KG-40 receives encrypted
data from the DTS, decrypts, and sends to the CDS
Because of the specialized training and security
requirements of cryptographic equipment, we will not
cover the internal operation and controls of the
Data Terminal Set (DTS)
The data terminal set (DTS) is the heart of the
The DTS is the system
computer sends 24 bits of data to the DTS via the
SGS computer and the encryption device. The DTS
adds six bits of data for error detection and correction.
These six bits are called hamming bits. The 30 bits
of data are phase shift modulated into 15 audio tones.
These 15 data tones and a Doppler connection tone are
combined into a composite audio signal which is sent
to either the UHF or HF radio for transmission.
The DTS receives the composite audio signal
from the radio and separates the 15 data tones and the
Doppler correction tone. The 15 data tones are
demodulated into 30 data bits. The six hamming bits
are checked for errors and the 24 data bits are sent to